Blood Pressure and Heart Disease
Blood Pressure in simple terms – It is pressure of blood on the walls of blood vessels. Generally, it denotes the pressure of blood in large arteries of the systemic circulation. The foremost reason behind blood pressure is the movement of heart. Heart is the pumping machine of the body that pumps to circulate blood throughout the body. Through this pumping process, blood travels in blood vessels and creates a pressure on artery walls.
When heart contracts, it is called systole and pressure of blood is called “Systolic Blood Pressure” and when heart relaxes (When blood comes back to heart) it is called diastole and the pressure of blood is called “Diastolic Blood Pressure” Systolic blood pressure is always higher than diastolic blood pressure.
Normal blood pressure is considered below 120 / 80 mm of hg (millimetres of mercury) in general. Systolic is below 120 and diastolic is below 80 considered normal.
New guidelines of blood pressure range
The guidelines, in a nutshell, state that normal blood pressure is under 120/80, whereas before normal was under 140/90.
Now, elevated blood pressure (without a diagnosis of hypertension) is systolic blood pressure (the top number) between 120 and 129. That used to be a vague category called “prehypertension.”
Stage 1 high blood pressure (a diagnosis of hypertension) is now between 130 and 139 systolic or between 80 and 89 diastolic (the bottom number).
Stage 2 high blood pressure is now over 140 systolic or 90 diastolic.
This number 120 / 80 comes up after lot of medical research. In other words, we can say that our blood vessels are meant to bear blood pressure up to 120 on a higher side. When blood pressure raises above 120 systolic or above 80 diastolic it creates excess pressure on the artery wall in the same excess proportion and due to this excess pressure, Walls of arteries starts damaging. The more blood pressure raises the more damage happens.
Cholesterol and triglyceride molecules comes and sticks at these damage sites and the rate of heart blockage formation increases.
In simple words high blood pressure increased chances of having heart blockages.
Sometimes a high blood pressure may induce a sudden heart attack.
What to do to prevent risk of heart disease due to blood pressure?
If you have a high or very low blood pressure, visit your doctor and follow the advice take your medicines on time. Do certain changes in your food habits and lifestyle.
Diet and lifestyle changes are powerful medicine. Even if your blood pressure is normal now, you can help to prevent it from becoming elevated starting today. Eat more fruits, veggies, and whole grains, and limit foods high in sodium and unhealthy fats. Be as physically active as possible.
Still whenever you feel that your blood pressure is low or high consult to hypertension doctor in your city. If your heart health is affected due to blood pressure visit to heart specialist nearby.
Written by: Dr. Chetan Sharma
EECP Specialist, Heart & Lifestyle Expert
Supported by Mr. Abhijeet Gautam
People Heart & Health Care Center has the best team of experts for eecp treatment in Jaipur