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Diabetes and Heart Disease

High blood sugar is one of the risk factors of developing coronary heart disease (CHD). Persons with a prolonged history of diabetes usually develop heart disease at an earlier age then those who don’t have diabetes. The main reason behind this is – Over time high level of blood sugar can damage blood vessels and at the damaged sites of blood vessel, blockage deposition speeds up. 

“Studies have demonstrated that the measure of glucose, or sugar in the blood changes the behavior of blood vessels, making them contract more than ordinary. This could bring about worse hypertension and high blood pressure is again a danger factor for heart blockage.

Beside this long-term diabetes also damages the nerves that control our heart and blood vessel, this is the main reason behind many times diabetic patients do feel less or feel not symptoms of heart disease even when they develop a significant amount of heart blockage. This is the main reason behind people with diabetes are already at two to three time’s higher risk for heart disease than people without diabetes, which also increases the chances for a silent heart attack.

A prolonged high level of glucose can cause damage to the arteries and make them rigid. Fatty material develops within the inside of these blood vessels, a condition known as atherosclerosis.

When the cholesterol plaques can break apart or rupture, the body tries to repair the plaque rupture by sending platelets to seal it up. Because the artery is small, the platelets could block the flow of blood, not allowing for oxygen delivery and a heart attack develops. The same process can happen in all of the arteries in the body, resulting in lack of blood to the brain, causing a stroke or lack of blood to the feet, hands, or arms causing peripheral vascular disease.

Not only are people with diabetes at higher risk for heart disease, they’re also at higher risk for heart failure, a serious medical condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood adequately. This can lead to fluid build-up in the lungs that causes difficulty breathing, or fluid retention in other parts of the body (especially the legs) that causes swelling.

Aside from diabetes, other health problems associated with heart disease include high blood pressuresmoking, high cholesterol levels, and a family history of early heart disease.

The more health risks factor a person has for heart disease, the higher the chances that they will develop heart disease and even die from it. Just like anyone else, people with diabetes have an increased risk of dying from heart disease if they have more health risk factors.

Guidelines in mind when managing diabetes and heart health:

  • Eat 5 or more fruits and vegetables daily
  • Keep Sugar level under control
  • Maintain cholesterol level under control
  • Increase physical activity
  • Keep blood pressure under control
  • Quit smoking and alcohol
  • Aim for most of your grains to be whole grains, such as whole-grain bread and whole-grain cereal
  • Enjoy legumes and beans weekly
  • Have nuts and seeds around for an easy snack between meals
  • Go for low-fat or fat-free dairy choices daily, such as a glass of milk, yogurt, or low-fat cheeses
  • Avoid processed foods, meats, and items with added sugars,  for example, baked goods, soft drinks, sodas, and other drinks with added sugars

Still whenever you feel that your blood sugar is low or high consult to Endocrinologist in the city. If your heart health is affected due to blood sugar visit to Cardiologist in the city.

Written by: Dr. Chetan Sharma

EECP Specialist, Heart & Lifestyle Expert

Supported by Mr. Abhijeet Gautam

People Heart & Health Care Center has the best team of experts for eecp treatment in Jaipur

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